[142] The port of Tripoli, 150 mi (240 km) further west, was taken on 23 January as Rommel continued to withdraw to the Mareth Line, the French southern defensive position in Tunisia. The initial objective was the Oxalic Line with the armour intending to advance over this and on to the Pierson Line. [40], The 7th Armoured Division (with one Free French Brigade under command) from XIII Corps (Lieutenant-General Brian Horrocks) made a secondary attack to the south. The main Allied effort during the battle was in the northern part of the Axis line. [69] Only one anti-tank gun—from 239 Battery—was brought back. Per 'La Storia siamo Noi' RAI TRE - RAI EDUCATIONAL vi presenta qui il documentario prodotto da Polivideo e RAI in associazione con History Channel (canale… El Alamein, le ultime ore (puntata de 'La Storia siamo Noi') on Vimeo Dawn aerial reconnaissance showed little change in Axis disposition, so Montgomery gave his orders for the day: the clearance of the northern corridor should be completed and the New Zealand Division supported by 10th Armoured should push south from Miteirya Ridge. He called up Ariete from the south to join the mobile Italian XX Corps around Tel el Aqqaqir. [13], The Eighth Army was surprised by the Axis withdrawal and confusion caused by redeployments between the three corps meant they were slow in pursuit, failing to cut off Rommel at Fuka and Mersa Matruh. Panzer Army Africa (Panzerarmee Afrika/Armata Corazzata Africa, Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel), composed of German and Italian tank and infantry units, had advanced into Egypt after its success at the Battle of Gazala (26 May – 21 June 1942). Business & Beauty. El Alamein: il fronte di El Alamein ha sicuramente un'importanza notevole per gli amanti della storia militare italiana. Amazon.de - Kaufen Sie El Alamein 1942 - Die Hölle des Wüstenkrieges günstig ein. By 16:00 there was little progress. When the sun set the Allied infantry went on the attack. Grande e piccola storia (Book 4) Share your thoughts Complete your review. [137] The Highland Division made a slow and costly advance and 7th Armoured Division met stiff resistance from the Ariete Combat Group (the remains of the Ariete Armoured Division). The shortage forced Rommel to rely increasingly on fuel flown in from Crete on the orders of Albert Kesselring, Luftwaffe Oberbefehlshaber Süd (OB Süd, Supreme Commander South), despite the restrictions imposed by the bombing of the airfields in Crete and Desert Air Force interceptions of the transport aircraft. Centauro), 3 nella 133a Littorio il LI, IV (ex del 31° Rgt. Nei giorni di El Alamein i carristi schieravano 3 battaglioni in Ariete IX, X e XIII (ex 31° Rgt. [34] The British were well aware that Rommel would be unable to mount a defence based on his usual manoeuvre tactics but no clear picture emerged of how he would fight the battle and British plans seriously underestimated the Axis defences and the fighting power of the Panzerarmee.[35]. The Eighth Army lost from 332 to 500 tanks, although by the end of the battle, 300 had been repaired. The Desert Air Force continued its bombing and in its biggest day of the battle it flew 1,208 sorties and dropped 396 long tons (402 t) of bombs. 275 German (150 serviceable) including 80 dive bombers) and 400 Italian (200 serviceable) aircraft. [114] In a symbolic act of defiance, no one in 40th Bologna Infantry Regiment raised their hands. Arras is a WordPress theme designed for news or review sites with lots of customisable features. To further the illusion, dummy tanks consisting of plywood frames placed over jeeps were constructed and deployed in the south. There were 300 German and Italian transport aircraft not included in the total. [66], Both battalions had difficulty finding their way in the dark and dust. El Alamein 1942. Technology has developed, and reading Ritorno a El Alamein Grande e piccola storia Vol 4 books could be more convenient and much easier. Montgomery's plan was for a main attack to the north of the line and a secondary attack to the south, involving XXX Corps (Lieutenant-General Oliver Leese) and XIII Corps (Lieutenant-General Brian Horrocks), while X Corps (Lieutenant-General Herbert Lumsden) was to exploit the success. L'inferno o giù di lì PDF è ora così facile! By 11 November, the number of Axis prisoners had risen to 30,000 men. [125], Allied Forces attack: 10:00 p.m. 23 October, Axis Armoured Divisions counter-attack: 6:00 p.m. 24 October, Allies attempt to break through: night of 25 October, Axis counter-attack and attack by 9th Australian Division: afternoon, 25 October, Folgore Parachutist Division attacked from three directions: 10:30 p.m. 25 October to 3:00 a.m. 26 October, Allies advance: 51st Highland Division takes Kidney Ridge, Littorio Armoured Division counter-attacks: 5:00 p.m. 26 October, Both sides redeploy: night of 26 to 27 October, Axis fails to retake Kidney Ridge: 8:00 a.m. 27 October, Allies attempt to push back Trento Division: 28 October, Operation Supercharge begins, 9th Australian fails to break through: 11:00 p.m. 31 October 1942, Tank Battle of Tell el Aqqaqir: 9:00 a.m. 2 November; Axis forces begin retreat: 10:00 p.m. 2 November, Axis forces prepare to fall back: 3 November, Axis forces halt their retreat: 3 November, Allied forces break through: 7:00 a.m. 4 November; Trento, Bologna and Ariete Divisions destroyed, Axis forces flee. Autore: Richard Doherty Codice: 220746 Prenota Richiedi informazioni Dillo ad un amico. Un amore impossibile tra un reduce della battaglia di El Alamein e una giovane carovaniera Tuareg. Sid Martindale 1st Battalion Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, The 3rd Hussars (9th Armoured Brigade) at El Alamein, German Minefields at Alamein (October – November, 1942), The History of the British 7th Armoured Division, Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany, Rape during the Soviet occupation of Poland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Second_Battle_of_El_Alamein&oldid=995577640, Battles and operations of World War II involving Greece, Battles and operations of World War II involving India, Battles and operations of World War II involving South Africa, Battles of World War II involving Australia, Battles of World War II involving Germany, Battles of World War II involving the United Kingdom, Tank battles involving the United Kingdom, Articles containing Italian-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from November 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 13,560 killed, wounded, captured, and missing, 59,000 killed, wounded, captured, and missing, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 20:30. General Auchinleck withdrew the Eighth Army to within 50 mi (80 km) of Alexandria to a point where the Qattara Depression came to within 40 mi (64 km) of El Alamein on the coast. His mobile forces (XX Corps, Afrika Korps, 90th Light Division and 19th Flak Division) were ordered to make a fighting withdrawal while his other formations were to withdraw as best they could with the limited transport available. In the situation which you find yourself there can be no other thought but to stand fast, yield not a yard of ground and throw every gun and every man into the battle. Over 100 tanks were involved and half were destroyed by dark. Your enemy, despite his superiority, must also be at the end of his strength. By 26 October, XXX Corps had completed the capture of the bridgehead west of the second mine belt, the tanks of X Corps, established just beyond the infantry, had failed to break through the Axis anti-tank defences. The last signal came from the Ariete at about 15.30 hours "Enemy tanks penetrated south of Ariete. In questo volume si descrivono le origini e la storia del monumento dedicato ai caduti della seconda guerra mondiale sul fronte d'Africa: il sacrario militare italiano di El Alamein (Egitto). Alle Bestellungen sind Sonderanfertigungen und werden meist innerhalb von 24 Stunden versendet. [65] Adolf Hitler.[103]. Nota serie curata dallo storico David Chandler. Anti-tank mines would not be tripped by soldiers stepping on them since they were too light. CRONOLOGIA DELLA 3a BATTAGLIA DI EL ALAMEIN The battle opened at 21, 40 hours on October 23 with an sustained artillery barrage. In the late afternoon and early evening, the 133rd Lorried and 151st Infantry Brigades—by this time back under command of 51st Infantry Division—attacked respectively the Snipe and Skinflint (about a mile west of Snipe) positions in order to form a base for future operations. The 9th Armoured Brigade had started the attack with 94 tanks and was reduced to only 14 operational tanks[95] and of the 400 tank crew involved in the attack, 230 were killed, wounded or captured. Mussolini replied on 19 December that the Panzerarmee must resist to the last man at Buerat.[139]. [105], On 4 November, the Eighth Army plan for pursuit began at dawn; no fresh units were available and the 1st and 7th Armoured divisions were to turn northwards to roll up the Axis units still in the forward lines. [67], At 06:00, the 2nd Armoured Brigade commenced its advance and ran into such stiff opposition that, by noon, it had still not linked with the KRRC. In Playfair the estimate for this figure is 104,000 comprising 54,000 Italians and 50,000 Germans including the 19th, 249 German tanks and 298 Italian tanks: 31. Da ragazzo di bottega alla battaglia di El Alamein. € 21,00 . Air supremacy had a huge effect on the battle. [24], As a preliminary, the 131st (Queen's) Infantry Brigade of the 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division, supported by tanks from the 4th Armoured Brigade, launched Operation Braganza attacking the 185th Airborne Division Folgore on the night of 29/30 September in an attempt to capture the Deir el Munassib area. Scopri (e salva) i tuoi Pin su Pinterest. El Alamein (Arabic: العلمين‎, IPA: [elʕælæˈmeːn], literally: the two flags) is a town in the northern Matrouh Governorate of Egypt. Only about half of the infantry attained their objectives and none of the tanks broke through. Nota serie curata dallo storico David Chandler. [112], The Bologna and the remnants of the Trento Division tried to fight their way out and marched into the desert without water, food or transport before surrendering, exhausted and dying from dehydration. Rommel was ill and in early September, arrangements were made for him to return to Germany on sick leave and for General der Panzertruppe Georg Stumme to transfer from the Russian front to take his place. Einaudi, Turin 1978. 18-dic-2016 - Questo Pin è stato scoperto da Don Stayner. (Many of these mines were British, and had been captured at Tobruk). With the arrival of Sherman tanks, 6-pounder anti-tank guns and Spitfires in the Western Desert, the Allies gained a comprehensive superiority. Autore: C.E. The plan was for 2nd Armoured Brigade to pass round the north of Woodcock the following dawn and 24th Armoured Brigade round the south of Snipe. [116][117] Any chance of getting them away with an earlier move had been spoiled by Hitler's insistence that Rommel hold his ground, obliging him to keep the non-motorised Italian units well forward until it was too late. “DOBBIAMO INCHINARCI DAVANTI AI RESTI DI QUELLI CHE FURONO I LEONI DELLA FOLGORE“. Rommel had also interspersed formations from the Trieste and 15th Panzer Divisions to "corset" his weaker forces in the front line. [38] After twenty minutes of general bombardment, the guns switched to precision targets in support of the advancing infantry. Discreto stato. EMBED. By the time they had reorganised they were well behind schedule and out of touch with the creeping artillery barrage. Operation Lightfoot alluded to the infantry attacking first. [62] The Trieste Division was ordered from Fuka to replace the 90th Light Division at Ed Daba but the 21st Panzer Division and the Ariete Division made slow progress during the night under constant attack from DAF bombers.[63]. For the Second World War battles, see, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message. By dawn on 24 October, paths still had not been cleared through the second minefield to release 22nd and 4th Light Armoured Brigades into the open to make their planned turn north into the rear of enemy positions 5 mi (8.0 km) west of Deir el Munassib. The New Zealanders got off to a slow start because its units were dispersed after the recent fighting and took time to concentrate. El Alamein was an Allied victory, although Rommel did not lose hope until the end of the Tunisia Campaign. To lure enemy vehicles into the minefields, the Italians dragged an axle and tyres through the fields using a long rope to create what appeared to be well-used tracks. Axis forces were firmly entrenched in most of their original battle positions and the battle was at a standstill. Night bombers dropped 115 long tons (117 t) of bombs on targets in the battlefield and 14 long tons (14 t) on the Stuka base at Sidi Haneish, while night fighters flew patrols over the battle area and the Axis forward landing grounds. [129][133], The Eighth Army had 13,560 casualties, of whom 2,350 men had been killed, 8,950 wounded and 2,260 were missing; 58 percent of the casualties were British, 22 percent Australian, 10 percent New Zealanders, 6 percent South African, 1 percent Indian and 3 percent Allied forces. The lifting of mines on the Miteirya Ridge and beyond took far longer than planned and the leading unit, 8th Armoured Brigade, was caught on their start line at 22:00—zero hour—by an air attack and were scattered. By daylight the brigade was out in the open taking considerable fire from well sited tanks and anti-tank guns. Montgomery decided that the planned advance southward from Miteirya Ridge by the New Zealanders would be too costly and instead decided that XXX Corps—while keeping firm hold of Miteirya—should strike northward toward the coast with 9th Australian Division. In the south, the famed Folgore parachute division fought to the last round of ammunition. [82][83], On 1 November, the tankers Tripolino and Ostia were torpedoed and sunk from the air north-west of Tobruk. by Enea De Alberti. Italian losses were 971 dead, 933 wounded and 15,552 men captured. Once they reached their objectives, 4,000 yd (3,700 m) distant, 9th Armoured Brigade would pass through supported by a heavy artillery barrage and break open a gap in the Axis defences on and around the Rahman track, some 2,000 yd (1,800 m) further forward, which the 1st Armoured Division, following behind, would pass through into the open to take on Rommel's armoured reserves. The division had left behind a panzergrenadier regiment which would bolster the Trieste Division which had been ordered forward to replace it. This product can be bought with COD Description; Product Details; Storia (1969). Kategorien. Object category Books Production date 1963 Creator BLAMEY, A.E. Historians debate the reasons Rommel decided to advance into Egypt. Rommel had decided to make two counter-attacks using his fresh troops. However, in addition to its own 5th New Zealand Infantry Brigade and 28th (Maori) Infantry Battalion, the division was to have had placed under its command 151st (Durham) Brigade from 50th Division, 152nd (Seaforth and Camerons) Brigade from 51st Division and the 133rd Royal Sussex Lorried Infantry Brigade. [54] They took the position and 240 prisoners. Engineers would clear and mark the two lanes through the minefields, through which the armoured divisions from X Corps would pass to gain the Pierson Line. Emilio Camozzi. [91] At 06:15, 30 minutes before dawn, the three regiments of the brigade advanced towards the gun line.[92]. Brigadier Currie had tried to get the brigade out of doing this job, stating that he believed the brigade would be attacking on too wide a front with no reserves and that they would most likely have 50 percent losses. under camouflage nets in the northern sector, making them appear to be ammunition or ration dumps. This operation was code-named Operation Bertram. 24 Personen sprechen darüber. Brossura editoriale ingiallita e ombrata con lievi segni d'uso. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. The First Battle of El Alamein and the Battle of Alam el Halfa had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. [54] In the south, the 4th Armoured Brigade and 69th Infantry Brigade attacked the 187th Paratroopers Infantry Regiment "Folgore" at Deir Munassib, but lost about 20 tanks gaining only the forward positions. The Italian paratroopers repelled the attack, killing or capturing over 300 of the attackers. Battle in the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, "If the British armour owed any debt to the infantry of the Eighth Army, the debt was paid on November 2 by 9th Armoured in heroism and blood. Prior to the main barrage, there was a diversion by the 24th Australian Brigade, which involved the 15th Panzer Division being subjected to heavy fire for a few minutes. Nel suo tragico epilogo, El Alamein rappresentò il canto del cigno dell’Armata Corazzata Italo-Tedesca: ingaggiata in quella che sarebbe stata la battaglia decisiva della guerra in Africa Settentrionale, subì l’annientamento nel corso di furiosi combattimenti contro un nemico molto più forte in uomini e mezzi. At 17:45, the 152nd Infantry Brigade with the 8th RTR in support, attacked about 2 mi (3.2 km) south of Tel el Aqqaqir. Rommel concluded that to forestall a breakthrough and the resulting destruction of his whole army he must start withdrawing to the planned position at Fuka. EL ALAMEIN Raccolte di Aldino Bondesan. It was a difficult task that was not achieved because of the depth of the Axis minefields. [2] These include four Victoria Cross recipients:[3], This has monuments commemorating Greek, New Zealand, Australian, South African, Indian and Canadian forces. Storia di un decennio, Mailand: Garzanti Libri 2003. [45] Panzer units counter-attacked the 51st Highland Division just after sunrise, only to be stopped in their tracks. The 1st Armoured Division tried to make up time with a night march but in the darkness the armour became separated from their support vehicles and ran out of fuel at dawn on 6 November, 16 mi (26 km) short of Bir Khalda. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Rommel pressed ahead with his advance to Alamein and as predicted, supply difficulties limited the attacking potential of the axis forces. [131] According to General Giuseppe Rizzo, total Axis casualties included 25,000 men killed or wounded (including 5,920 Italians killed) and 30,000 prisoners (20,000 Italians and 10,724 Germans), 510 tanks and 2,000 field guns, anti-tank guns, anti-aircraft guns. BATTAGLIA DI EL-ALAMEIN. After a conversation with Kesselring on 30 August, Rommel decided to attack, "the hardest [decision] in my life". To keep Rommel's attention on the coastal sector, Montgomery ordered the renewal of the 9th Australian Division operation on the night of 30/31 October. The fire plan had been arranged so that the first rounds from the 882 guns from the field and medium batteries would land along the 40 mi (64 km) front at the same time. Considerable air force reinforcements are being sent to C.-in-C South. 2nd Armoured Brigade came up behind the 9th, and by mid-morning 8th Armoured Brigade had come up on its left, ordered to advance to the south-west. The depression was impassable and meant that any attack had to be frontal; Axis attacks in the First Battle of El Alamein (1–27 July) had been defeated. At 22:00, the four infantry divisions of XXX Corps began to move. In early August, the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill and General Sir Alan Brooke, the Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS), visited Cairo and replaced Auchinleck as Commander-in-chief Middle East Command with General Harold Alexander. The objective was to establish a bridgehead before dawn at the imaginary line in the desert where the strongest enemy defences were situated, on the far side of the second mine belt. The initial thrust had ended by Sunday. Churchill railed, "Is it really impossible to find a general who can win a battle?" 1968: Himmelfahrtskommando El Alamein (Commandos) 1970: Bataillon der Verlorenen (Uomini contro) 1971: Sabata kehrt zurück (È tornato Sabata… hai chiuso un'altra volta) 1972: Das Geheimnis der blutigen Lilie (Perché quelle strane gocce di sangue sul corpo di Jennifer?) [104], On the night of 3/4 November, Montgomery ordered three of the infantry brigades in reserve to advance on the Rahman track as a prelude to an armoured break-out. It was again difficult to define bomb lines but US heavy bombers attacked Tobruk, sinking Etiopia [2,153 long tons (2,188 t)] and later attacked Benghazi, sinking Mars and setting the tanker Portofino (6,572 GRT), alight. El Alamein - La linea del fuoco (2002) Filming & Production. The Second Battle of El Alamein order of battle is a listing of the significant formations that were involved in the Second Battle of El Alamein during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, 23 October – 4 November 1942. Showing all 2 items Jump to: Filming Locations (2) Filming Locations. Filippo Stefani: La storia della dottrina e degli ordinamenti dell’esercito italiano. The artillery lost 111 guns and the DAF lost 77 British and 20 American aircraft. There were no reserves, as every available man and gun had been put into the line. Gentry said "I don't mean your headquarters tanks, I mean your armoured regiments. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. W. Churchill [20] Tanks would then pass through and defeat the German armour. The attack was to be supported by all the available artillery of both X and XXX Corps. By the end of these engagements in late October, the British had 800 tanks still in operation, while the Panzerarmee day report for 28 October (intercepted and read by Eighth Army the following evening) recorded 81 serviceable German tanks and 197 Italian. The attacks in the south, which lasted three days and caused considerable losses without achieving a breakthrough, were suspended. The Panzer Army was probing for a weakness, but without success. Around midnight, 51st Division launched three attacks, but no one knew exactly where they were. On seeing Brigadier Currie asleep on a stretcher, he approached him saying, "Sorry to wake you John, but I'd like to know where your tanks are?" British Eighth Army. [18] After six more weeks, the Eighth Army was ready; 195,000 men and 1,029 tanks began the offensive against the 116,000 men and 547 tanks of the Panzerarmee. 2nd Rifle Brigade had had better fortune and after following the shell bursts of the supporting artillery dug in when they concluded they had reached their objective having encountered little opposition. Rommel stiffened his forward lines by alternating German and Italian infantry formations. The objective of this operation was Tel el Aqqaqir, the base of the Axis defence roughly 3 mi (4.8 km) north-west of the Kidney feature and situated on the Rahman lateral track. [49] The thrust that night by 10th Armoured Division from Miteirya Ridge failed. Storia; Costumi; Film; Costumisti; English ; El Alamein – La Linea di Fuoco. Lucas Phillips. The German cemetery is an ossuary, built in the style of a medieval fortress.[1]. [36] Then at 21:40 (Egyptian Summer Time) on 23 October[37] on a calm, clear evening under the bright sky of a full moon, Operation Lightfoot began with a 1,000-gun barrage. [107], Due to lack of transport, most of the Italian infantry formations were abandoned. La battaglia di El-Alamein rappresenta un punto di svolta cruciale nell’evoluzione della seconda guerra mondiale lungo il fronte africano. The 2nd New Zealand Division with two lorried infantry brigades and the 9th Armoured and 4th Light Armoured brigades under command, was to head west along desert tracks to the escarpment above Fuka, about 60 mi (97 km) away. In 1997, Martin van Creveld wrote that Rommel had been advised by the German and Italian staffs that his army could not properly be supplied so far from the ports of Tripoli and Benghazi.